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Willcox developed early as an important cattle shipping point as well as a supply point for both the military forts in the area and the miners. The town was named for General Orlando B. Willcox, who served with distinction at the Battle of Bull Run and was later made Commander of the Military Department of Arizona. General Willcox was a passenger on the first train to arrive at the town, which had formerly been called Maley. The abundant grass of the valley and good watering places for cattle soon attracted ranchers to the area. Henry Hooker's Sierra Bonita ranch was one of the first, followed soon by other pioneers. Cattle and trains together made a winning combination. In 1936 Willcox shipped more cattle directly from the range than any other shipping point in the U.S. Today Willcox remains a ranching and agricultural community and is also actively preserving its railroad heritage.

The Headquarter Saloon in Willcox was the site of the killing of Warren Earp, youngest brother of Wyatt, on July 6, 1900. He was 45 years old. Warren is buried in the Old Willcox Cemetery

The map below shows the towns of northern Cochise County and the border of Graham County to the north.

Chamber of Commerce
1500 N. Circle I Rd.
(520) 384-2272, (800) 200-7727
The Willcox Chamber of Commerce and Agriculture provides a map and brochure describing a self-guided tour of historic Willcox. Information is also available on farm-fresh produce and birding spots. The Wings Over Willcox birding festival is held each January. Wine tasting is available year-round at Coronado Vineyards.

1881 Southern Pacific Depot Now the Willcox City Hall, this restored depot houses an interpretive railroad exhibit in the lobby. Railroad Avenue, once the business center of the town, is also being restored and renovated, and a new museum, the Chiricahua Regional History Museum and Research Center, is currently being completed.

Rex Allen Museum and Willcox Cowboy Hall of Fame
150 S. Railroad Ave
(520) 384-4583
This museum is located in downtown Willcox on historic Railroad Avenue. It includes memorabilia of Willcox native Rex Allen, a famous singing cowboy of records, movies, and TV. (Each October Rex Allen Days pay tribute to this favorite son.) Also included in the museum are local history and displays of western stars. Theater and gift shop. Admission charge.